County is under the Jurisdiction of the Philea Temple at Halifax
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More information about the Pictou County Shrine Club here
Who Are The
Shriners And What Is The Shrine?
Shiners, or Shrine Masons, belong to the Ancient
Arabic Order of
the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine for North America (A.A.O.N.M.S.). The
Shrine is an international fraternity of approximately 775,000
members who belong to Shrine Temples throughout the United States,
Canada and Mexico. Founded in New York City in 1872, the organization
is composed solely of 32nd degree Scottish Rite Masons or Knights
Templar York Rite Masons.
The Shrine is best-known for its colourful
distinctive red fez, and its official philanthropy, Shriners
Hospitals for Crippled Children, which is often called "the
heart and soul of the Shrine."
Why Do Shriners
Wear A Fez?
The red fez with a black tassel, the Shrine's most
symbol, has been handed down through the ages. It derives its name
from the place where it was first manufactured - the holy city of
Fez, Morocco. The fez was chosen as part of the Shrine's Arabic (Near
East) theme, around which the colour and pageantry of the Shrine was
Are Shrine Hospitals And How Did They Come Into Being?
Shriners Hospitals for Crippled Children is a
network of 19
orthopaedic hospitals and three burns institutes, maintained and
operated by the Shrine, where children under the age of 18 receive
excellent medical care absolutely free of charge. Shriners Hospitals
are located throughout North America, with 20 hospitals in the United
States and one each in Mexico and Canada.
The Shrine supported various charities almost from
In 1920, however, the organization voted to adopt its own official
philanthropy, dedicated to providing free orthopaedic medical care to
children in need, and the first Shriners Hospital for Crippled
Children was built in Shreveport, La., in 1922. The Shrine's
philanthropy eventually expanded to 22 "Centres of Excellence,"
including its three Shriners Burns Institutes.
There is never a charge to the patient, parent or
any third party
for any service or medical treatment received at the hospitals, and
no state, local or federal funding of any kind is sought or accepted
by Shriners Hospitals.
What Is The
Relationship Between The Shrine And Shriners
In a unique interdependent relationship, the
Shrine and Shriners
Hospitals are separate but inseparable. The Shrine of North America
supports Shriners Hospitals in many ways.
Every patient at Shriners Hospitals is sponsored
by a Shriner, who
acts as a liaison between the family and the hospital. Shrine Temples
and clubs often help arrange and pay for transportation for children
and parents to the hospitals, and thousands of Shriners spend many
hours of their own time driving families to the hospitals and
entertaining the patients. In addition, the Shrine helps support the
hospitals financially: each Shriner pays an annual $5 hospital
assessment, and Temples and clubs hold many fundraisers, some of
which benefit Shriners Hospitals for Crippled Children.
The fraternity and the philanthropy, however, are
financially separate - the fraternity is incorporated in the state of
Iowa, and the philanthropy is incorporated in the state of Colorado.
The funds of the two entities are kept entirely separate and are
audited by independent auditors on an individual basis.
In addition, Shrine Temples are incorporated as
chapters of the
fraternity and are audited individually.
How Are Shriners
Since 1922, when the first Shriners Hospital was
built, more than
$1.9 billion has been spent building and opening Shriners Hospitals
for Crippled Children. In 1990 alone, the operating budget for the
hospitals is approximately $226.5 million, including $18.5 million
allocated for research, and the construction budget is about $53.5
million, for a total of $280 million.
Where does the money come from? Shriners Hospitals
primarily by income from the Shriners Hospitals for Crippled Children
endowment fund, which is maintained through donations and bequests
from both Shriners and non-Shriners. Additional income represents
each Shriner's annual hospital assessment and fundraising events
sponsored by Shrine Temples, Clubs and Units.
Recognizing that the family plays a vital role in
ability to overcome an illness or injury, Shriners Hospitals
developed their family-centred care concept, to help the family
provide the support and involvement the child requires. This concept
stresses that while medicine might heal the child's body, tending to
the child's mind and spirit is equally important to his recovery.
Family-centred care involves the family in all
aspects of the
child's care and recovery. The parents are taught how to care for the
child at home. Where possible, room is provided for at least one
parent to remain with the child throughout the hospital stay, and
brothers and sisters are encouraged to visit the child. Specially
trained personnel help the family accept the child's illness or
injury, deal with the feelings of guilt and frustration that often
arise in such situations, and counsel the family concerning the
special needs of the child and other members of the family.
The purpose of all Shriners Hospitals is to
provide care to
crippled and burned children in order to help them lead fuller, more
productive lives. By promoting the importance of the family and
helping it become a stronger support system for the child, Shriners
Hospitals can accomplish their purpose more effectively.
Why Is Research
So Important In Shriners Hospitals?
Shriners Hospitals for Crippled Children have been
research since the 1920s, but in the early 1960s the Shrine
aggressively entered the structured research field and began
earmarking funds for research projects. Since that time, Shriners
Hospitals have been at the vanguard of research, achieving
significant progress in orthopaedic and burn treatment. In 1990
alone, $18.5 million has been allocated for structured research
One of the better-known achievements of Shriners
research is the cultured skin developed by the Boston Burns Institute
in connection with the Harvard Medical School. Researchers developed
a method of "growing" skin from a tiny sample of a burn
patient's own skin. In a celebrated 1983 case, this breakthrough
enabled the Burns Institute to save the lives of two boys who were
burned over 97 percent of their body surface, marking the first time
a cultured organ had ever been used in a life-saving situation, as
well as the first time any human being was known to survive such a
The Shrine believes that the hope for crippled and
in the future lies in research today. Shriners Hospitals for Crippled
Children work to make that hope a reality.
What Types Of
Cases Are Treated At Shriners Hospitals?
Some of the most common orthopaedic problems
treated at Shriners
- Scoliosis (curvature of the spine)
- Osteogenesis imperfecta (brittle bone disease)
- Hand problems
- Back problems
- Limb deficiencies and growth problems
- Orthopaedic problems of spina bifida with
(paralysis of limbs due to faulty congenital development of the spine
and spinal nerves)
- Orthopaedic problems resulting from
- Legg-Perthes disease (development problems of
- Orthopaedic problems of cerebral palsy
What Is Masonry
And What Is Its Connection To The Shrine?
In order to become a Shriner, a man must first be
a Mason. The
fraternity of Freemasonry is the oldest, largest and most widely
known fraternity in the world. It dates back hundreds of years to
when stonemasons and other craftsmen on building projects gathered in
shelter houses or lodges. Over the years, formal Masonic lodges
emerged, with members bound together not by trade, but by their own
desire to be fraternal brothers.
The basic unit of Masonry is the Craft Lodge,
where members earn
the first three Masonic degrees. There is no higher degree than that
of Master Mason (the Third Degree), but for those men who wish to
further explore the allegory and symbolism learned in the Craft
Lodge, the Scottish Rite and York Rite elaborate on the basic tenets
What Are The
Steps To Becoming A Shrine Mason?
Every Shriner is first a Mason; however, Masonry
does not solicit
members. No one is asked to join. A man must seek admission of his
own free will. A man is a fully accepted " Craft Lodge"
Mason after he has received the first three degrees, known as Entered
Apprentice, Fellow Craft and Master Mason.
After that, he can belong to many other
organizations which have
their roots in Masonry and which have Craft Lodge Masonry as a
Any Master Mason can he petition to become a Noble
of the Mystic
Where Did The
Shrine's Near-Eastern Theme Come From?
The Shrine is as American as baseball, hot dogs
and apple pie. It
was tied to an Arabic theme by its founders, Billy Florence, an
actor, and William Fleming, a physician. Fleming and Florence
realized the fledgling fraternity needed a colourful, exciting
backdrop. It is believed that Florence conceived of the Shrine's Near
Eastern setting while on tour in Europe.
As the legend goes, Florence attended a party in
France, hosted by an Arabian diplomat. At the end of the party, the
guests became members of a secret society. Florence realized this
might be the ideal vehicle for the new fraternity, and he made
copious notes and drawings of the ceremony.
When Florence returned to the States, Fleming
agreed, and together
they created elaborate rituals, designed the emblem and costumes, and
formulated the salutation.
Though the Shrine is not itself a secret society,
it still retains
much of the mysticism and secrecy of its origins.
Who Is Eligible
For Admission To A Shriners Hospital?
Shriners Hospitals accept and treat any child up
to their 18th
birthday if, in the opinion of the hospital's chief of staff, the
child can be helped, and if treatment at another facility would place
a financial burden on the family. Shriners Hospitals are open to all
children without regard to race, religion or relationship to a
Shriner. There is never a charge to the patient, parent or any third
party for any service or medical treatment received at Shriners
Admissions Handled For The Shriners Burns Institutes?
The sooner a burned child reaches a Shriners Burns
better his chances of recovery. In an emergency, the referring
physician should telephone the chief of staff at the nearest Shriners
Burns Institute and indicate the patient needs emergency care.
Non-emergency admissions for reconstructive or plastic surgery should
be arranged through the administrator of the nearest Shriners Burns
The Shriners Burns Institutes are located in
Cincinnati, Ohio; and Galveston, Texas.
Can Parents Get More Information About Shriners Hospitals?
General admission information for Shriners
Hospitals can be
obtained by calling one of the toll-free information numbers:
United States: 1-800-237-5055